1. During the majority of the novel we see survival through psychological, emotional and physical aspects. These aspects are proven through our two main characters, Xavier and Niska. Xavier has to physically survive the war and is forced to go through many obstacles like getting shot at by enemies. Psychologically he has to survive the after math of the war and the brutal visions that he sees when he attempts to sleep at night. Emotionally, he survives the pain of losing his best friend in the war and he has to survive his addiction to morphine which takes a emotional toll on an individual. Niska's survival is shown by how she survived the pain of residential schools and how she incorporated hunting with her physical survival to maintain her health.
2. In this section, Niska and Xavier interact with physical settings and landscapes. Xavier interacted with the physical landscape in the war by becoming accustomed to sleeping on the floor and using the mud to hide from enemies, the mud was used for camouflage. He also had to interact and adapt with the night to travel from place to place in order to survive and not be caught by surrounding enemies. Niska physically interacts with the surrounding landscape by being the one rowing the canoe against the current of the river. She interacts with physical settings by hunting for her own survival, due to her being alone.
3. The effects proved by the writers style of the novel is the tone and mood. The tone and mood of the novel are very similar to each other. They both are depressing and somber. Another subject to note is the theme of this section. The theme is shown to be oppression of the First Nations culture. This is proven by Niska telling the reader her story of the time she spent in Residential schools and how she was mistreated. Characterization relates to the theme because the theme of the oppression of First Nations allowed us to construct the characters due to this being a human conflict. Due to residential schools occurring through out our two characters, Niska and Xavier, we can develop an understanding of their struggles and pain that were inflected upon them due to the theme being oppression of the First Nations.
4. We noticed that the reoccurring patterns is the amount of death that occurred through out the section. This was proven by the amount of animals being hunted and people being hunted in the war. Another reoccurring pattern was Xavier's flash backs of the war. He would envision his experience in Europe over and over. This section was mainly based upon the war Xavier was in.
Your examples and explanations are great, but I feel you could have expanded on them a bit more. They could use a few more details from the novel.
Your responses shows that you have a clear understanding of the novel. However, a few more quotes would've provide stronger support for your statements. Question#3 includes excellent analysis of the plot and characters, but some aspects are missing regarding to the question, such as paradox, irony and symbol. In short, the questions are well done and inspiring.
great response! more details or quotes would make it easier for groups who are reading a different book to understand what is happening in your book
Your answers were concise and straightforward but I do wish you had expanded on your ideas a bit more. For example, question #2 asks you to describe the interactions of characters with their surroundings in detail but in your answer the interactions were outlined briefly without much detail. Question #3 and question #4 were not answered fully as you forgot to mention paradox, irony, and symbol even though the question specifically asked for those. For question #4, you did not state the effects of the recurring patterns which took away from your overall response. Your answer for #1 as was well thought out with great examples as you answered the question and a little bit more. You mentioned the psychological, emotional, and physical aspects and their impact on both of the main characters. Overall, I reading your response and look forward to more!
I thought the responses were well written but in question 2 I think you shoudl hae added how the interactions witht he landscapes affected the charcters body. You say that the characters had to adjust to sleeping on the floor and hiding in the mud, but how did this affect them? In question 3, I didn't notice any examples of a paradox or irony.
Very straightforward responses with the important messages emphasized. Your response #1 has lots of great examples of Xavier’s path to survival, but more detailed examples of Niska’s path to survival would support your answer even better. Also, I liked your proper use of word choice in responses #2 and #3. However, it would be nice if you used some direct quotes/examples from the novel in order to provide the reader with a nicely elaborated answer. In addition, your conciseness in the final response is great, but requires more depth and information from the reading section #1 in order to support your statement of recurring patterns of the novel and the effect or motifs these patterns have. I think the final response misses only one detail - comprehensive examples. Overall, I really enjoyed reading your responses and look forward to reading more work done by your group.
I really liked how you talked about the way Xavier has been post-war because in my own writing and analysis of the Three Day Road I tend to focus on the stories he tells from his childhood and the war opposed to his present, so I thought that was a really great part in the timeline to analyze! Another cool thing you guys analyzed that I didn't even think about was the characters interacting with the night because when I think about landscape I didn't take the sun in to account, or lack there of, and that made the analysis more intricate! Great job :)
Canadian Author, Margaret Atwood, states that a common element of Canadian literature is the concept of “survival” as a defining symbol, where in your novels do you see examples of survival?
There is survival in the stories from every character. In the case of Niska, she stood up for herself and culture in the residential school and was punished for it, so when her mother came to save her she took the opportunity and escaped. She had to live in the bush and off of the land to survive. At this point, because of all of the European influence on the land, survival was much more difficult due to the depletion of resources, like over hunting which left no animals for the Indigenous peoples to hunt and also pollution to their lands and bodies of waters. When Elijah and Xavier are sent to Europe to fight in the war, the whole concept of the war and their time there was survival. They had the threat of constant death around them and always had to watch their backs. Survival also applied to the emotional state of Xavier and Elijah, since we can read Xavier’s thoughts we are able to see that he is struggling with the concept of having to kill others and protect/worry about his friend Elijah at the same time.
In what ways do the characters interact with the physical settings and landscapes of the novel? Explain in detail using examples from your novel(s).
In pretty much every story in the novel, the land plays a big part in progression of the story. Niska spent the majority of her life living off of the land and the land is part of their culture, religion and ceremonies, so it plays a big part in her life and the stories she tells Xavier. Since Niska lives in the bush, her life in dependant on the land and it’s resources. If the season is dry, there will be less vegetation, meaning less animals and less food for Niska and her community and they will then have a harder season. If it is extremely cold or other harsh conditions are present, it will be much harder on anyone living in the bush and some may die, the land and weather affecting their lives very much. In the trenches, the soldiers rely on the land very much because if the land does not cooperate or is not in optimal positions, then the soldiers could be injured or die. They use the land to protect themselves from enemy fire by hiding behind the trenches or being sighted by the other sides snipers by camouflaging themselves with the grass, sticks and trees.
Note the writer’s use of paradox, irony, symbol, plot, characterization, and style of narration. What effects are produced? Do any of these relate to one another or to the theme?
Irony in the novel was shown through a young family fathered by Micha, who left the starving community in hopes to find game further in land. In Three Day Road, “They were going to head off with their families in hopes of surviving. In the end only the head strong young Micah and his wife and baby walked into the bush alone” (Xavier 40). In Spite of the families hopes to find game they returned to the community empty handed and having lost the father many believed the mother and child had become windigo. This represents irony because the family went out to survive on the father's request and it ended up being the cause of his death. An important symbol in the novel is the land, Paradox in the novel is seen when Xavier and Elijah sign up to fight in the First World War. Even though they are not required to fight and the risk of death is high they offer their services and are sent overseas. When Elijah and Xavier get to the trenches they question many choices their superiors are making as well as self choices. They question their choices and choices made for them because through Elijah's and Xavier's experiences hunting in Canada, they believed from their learnings they had better technique in battle. In the First Nations culture land is idealized in high regards due to the fact that for thousands of years they have been able to sustain life because of the land and everything the land has given them. In Niska's telling of her younger years the land played a huge roll in the survival of her community. The land gave them food, resources for shelter and mobility and protection against the elements. During the war the land provided protection in the form of trenches in which the men lived in for many days. During the novel we hear from two narrators, Xavier and Niska. This allows for the reader to hear from two different points of view as well as two stories with ultimately the same outcome and theme of survival. The plot of the novel jumps from multiple characters and timelines, creating different storylines, but the similar concept that every story in the novel shares is that a Canadian struggle is depicted. The threat of WWI and the struggle Indigenous peoples faced in the early 1900s in Canada were very real adversities that Canadians at the time faced. Characterization in the novel is sh
In depth analysis of relationships between the characters. The way you linked first nation lifestyle with the plot in Three Day Road is quite concise and insightful. Great examples and details were used in the response for question#3. If the statement for your symbol, in this case, the land, could be linked with the explanation instead of seperated by your analysis for paradox, it would've let your response become more in order. It is unfortunate that your post got cut off by the word limit. Other than that, the questions are well completed.
Very well written response overall! In question number 3 I found that your inclusion of specific quotes added a lot to your response and showed your great understanding of the novel and the topic. Unfortunately it appears that your 3rd questions response was cut off due to the character limit and additionally there appears to be no 4th question response. Also the formatting leaves a bit to be desired as at a glance it is hard to pick out which questions are which since it essentially looks as if it is only one question being answered. Great responses though
Remarkable expansion of knowledge on the book in relation to the questions. I enjoyed the use of quotation from the book to help the reader better understand your thinking as well ax the novel. Your answers get your point across and help the reader follow along with your examples. Rest in peace to the word limit however I strongly trust your final thoughts on question three and your fourth question response would have been very strong.
Great response! Very well written and have a plain sailing analysis. However, you could have inserted a direct quote from the book in the first question as an evidence to support your answer. I noticed that the third question got cut off and was unable to answer the fourth question due to the word limit. Other than that, great job on the response!
Very well written response, definitely showed a great understanding of your first section and had in depth thoughts and analysis relating to the topic. Gave me a good understanding of what’s happening in your first section of reading. Only criticism would be to be better management of the volume of answers. As you got cut off by the character limit. If you could condense the volume of information you guys had it would have been more powerful and wouldn’t have gotten cut off. But other then that amazing job guys!
Very good response and the response has some good quotes but it could be helpful to have a little more organization with some question number so the reader can know what question you are answering a bit easier.
Although I have not read your book, your answers are very full, and educational. I learned alot about your book. plot, and characters. This response is both quality, and quantity. Way to dive deep into all the answers! Good job :)
1. Saul and his family are a good example of survival in Canadian literature. Saul's family had to give up their traditional ways of life and retreat to the bushes to hide from the "Zhaunagush". Even with the residential schools going on and Rachel and Benjamin being taken away, Saul and his grandmother stick to their spiritual roots and culture. Then when Saul's grandmother died, Saul was faced with the challenge of surviving on his own, which helped build his character with more charismatic and strong traits. As well as bring him closer to his culture and the creator.
2. The environment plays a important part in the first section in many ways. One of these ways is how the grandmother taught Saul and his brother to make rice from scratch. She taught them every step from picking it from the plant, to finally cooking it. Also with the rice, the brothers talked about how it hurt when the rice worms bite them. Then when they were trying to escape and had to walk through the snow in that cold harsh weather, Saul was struggling and his feet were frozen and his spirit was breaking. Without his grandmother to talk him through the pain and tell him stories of their ancestors he probably wouldn't have made it. But that struggling made him stronger as a person.
3. The first person narration makes the story very connectable and emotional because we get to see into the thoughts and feelings of an eight year-old boy who just lost his whole family and got sent to residential school. The paradox aspect of the novel is how Saul is in a bad situation with the residential school and the abuse that comes with it, but through the residential school and Father Gaston Saul learns the sport of hockey, and comes to love it. An example of irony in the book is how the government believes it is doing the First Nations a favour by sending them to residential school as they are ethnocentric and believe there way is best. In realty though, residential school is one of the worst moments in Canadian history. The plot is super relatable to any Canadians as the effects of residential schools are felt today and they are a dark part of our history we are still trying to fix. Characterization comes from the stories about him that his grandmother shares and the ways of the culture. And the experiences of fleeing to help him grow strong from having to work hard and summon a lot of inner strength to be able to survive.
4. A recurring pattern found in the novel is when the "white men" come seasonally to find young Indian children to be enrolled in Residential Schools; which forced Saul and his family to refuge to the bush and have little contact with anyone other than their band and some Zhaunagush peoples of the Northern Store in Minaki. Do to this, Saul's sister Rachel and brother Benjamin were taken, and Saul was forced to run and hide when the white men came. Another pattern noted in the novel would be the drinking cycle Saul's father and mother endure when times become dire. Every time a child had been taken, Saul's mother would become a heavy drinker. The effect of this pattern is that it means it has an important meaning behind the fact the white men come to take Indian children from their homes to transfer them from their own religion to Catholic church ways. The effect of the pattern is that they are losing their traditional ways, and the loss of identity.
great job answering the questions. i would enjoy if you had talked about Saul's journey with his grandmother more as its an event that will haunt and effect Saul for the rest of his life. i also love the reference to Saul's mother being a heavy drinker in question four
Your response was thoroughly thrilling to read. However, there were some points made that I wished you had elaborated on. For instance, when answering #4 you mentioned the effects of the patterns but the significance of the effects was not stated. I like your answer for question #1 as you stated the importance and effects of the survival that Saul had to go through. Overall, your response was answered thoughtfully and I enjoyed it!
I found your answers easy to understand and for the most part questions were fully answered. For next time you may want to add some more supporting details to further back up the points you make. You also many want to add some direct quotes from the novel to make your answers stronger.
This response was proven to be very well written and enriched. I could tell by reading these responses, you guys had a lot of knowledge due to reading your section. I am not reading this book but reading this response gave me a sense of what the novel is about and what it contains within. Very good response overall!!
Even though I am not reading the same book, I have an idea of what has happened in your first section which means that you guys understood this part of the novel and did a great analysis on it! I also noticed that there are some similar things happening in your novel. For example, in question 2 you guys spoke about the harsh conditions your characters had to face and my characters also went through that, but with fire instead of cold! Another cool similarity is that your characters were forced to go deep into the bush to escape residential schools and so far two of our characters have had to do the same thing! It's very interesting to see the similarities between the two novels and I'm learning a lot! Good job :)
These are very well written responses and they reference the theme of one of the previous texts we have covered in class. I would have liked there to be some events from the story present in question 4. Question 3 was the best written, in my opinion, because of the explanations of the paradoxes .
Well written and easy to comprehend overall a well written response with good comprehension of the novel . However, I thought your responses were lacking supporting detail. By adding more Support to your views you are able to build a stronger argument. Over all you explained the book extremely well and I have a good insight in what is happening in your novel although treading a different novel.
I really appreciate the depth of your comments! I read within #3 of the irony of how the government thought they were helping First Nations with residential schools which is very true and that grabbed my attention and the descriptions and a showing of your understanding of both the background and the novel are to appreciate! Overall I recognize a great amount of understanding for the novel and your answers are very well done!
These are really good answers and i really enjoyed reading them. To make your answers stronger you could add some quotes.
1. The concept of survival is a common symbol that can be spotted in a variety of Canadian literatures. Within the novel, we are able to identify several examples that relate to the topic of survival. Boyden provides examples of survival through the personal experiences of both of the protagonists, Niska and Xavier. When Niska is forcefully taken away from her family to attend a residential school, she suffers a series of unjust treatments and discrimination.The authority prohibits any practicing of their traditions and rituals, assimilating the Aboriginal culture. Regardless, she strives to survive and remains truthful to herself and her roots. In addition, another example of survival is demonstrated through the survival of Niska’s tribe. As Niska reminisces about her childhood memories, she recalls the times to when her tribe was on the edge of extinction due to an inadequate food supply. The harsh winter conditions restricted their opportunities of hunting, therefore, endangered the entire tribe. However, the hunters searched viciously for trails of animals and hunt days after days. Eventually, her tribe survived the cruel winter. As Niska and Xavier paddle back home, Xavier regard the rapid growth on the land, which was demolished in a fires prior to his enlistment.The resilient nature that lies within land that eventually led to the outburst of new lives is evident of the element of survival. At last, Xavier is a survivor of the war even though he suffers from a morphine addiction and PTSD.
2. One of the most distinct elements of the novel is the setting of the novel itself. The setting largely features Canadian landscapes and nature mostly at the time of the First World War. To begin with, as Xavier and Elijah murder their first enemy, the reactions of both characters differ dramatically. Xavier, the protagonist of the novel, depicts his disgust reaction to the brutality of the battlefields on the page 88: “[t]he image of the soldier’s head exploding makes my stomach churn. I retch a little and spit up bile from my own insides making me retch a bit more.” As it can be seen, Xavier’s reactions toward the battlefields could be assumed as shocked and disturbed. At the same time, Elijah’s interaction with the harsh battlefields is portrayed as a complete opposite to Xavier’s. The author describes Elijah “smiling to himself” after the first kill. This kind of actions depict Elijah as if the death of another does not bother him much. Also, this section foreshadows that Elijah will be the one who will act on most of the target and receive the feels of joy by doing it. On the other hand, Niska interacts with the landscapes in her own way. In this particular novel, as the narrator changes, the speaker’s perspective that shapes what details are given also shifts. For instance, narrator Niska provides the reader with a more detailed information about her experiences in the Residential Schools and how she interacted with that physical setting. On page 91, Niska mentions, “When the children came back they were different, speaking in the wemistikoshiw tongue, talking back to their parents, fighting and hitting one another, crying in the middle of the night for reasons they could not explain.” Niska contributes to the solemn tone by the comprehensive elaboration on how children who were captured in the Residential Schools now feel only fear, anger and depression. In addition, being a young girl, Niska was able to escape from the residential schools not only because of her mother’s help but also because of her loyalty to ethnicity that makes her very proud of her cultural roots. Therefore, her interaction with the residential schools as resentful.
3. Within Joseph Boyden’s writing, Boyden finds a way to connect different chapters narrated by Niska and Xavier. Symbolism is used heavily in connecting the chapters. The connection of morphine and human flesh is used to show how it indirectly caused the deaths of Sean Patrick and Niska’s father. Symbolism can also be found in the conformity of the Canadian trenches and assimilation through residential schools. The Canadian trenches made it easier for the Germans to see if something is amiss, but despite there being better ways of setting up the trenches, the Canadian army refused to change it. In residential schools, the First Nations children were forced to conform, which only resulted in higher rates of suicide, addiction, and general trauma that has had lasting impacts. Irony can be seen in Xavier’s use of morphine in the present day. Throughout the first part of the novel, Xavier speaks strongly about the dangers of morphine and his hatred of the substance, however in the present day, Xavier is shown to have a morphine addiction after losing his leg. This ties into his characterization and how different traumas can break down even the strongest of people. Xavier through
3. Within Joseph Boyden’s writing, Boyden finds a way to connect different chapters narrated by Niska and Xavier. Symbolism is used heavily in connecting the chapters. The connection of morphine and human flesh is used to show how it indirectly caused the deaths of Sean Patrick and Niska’s father. Symbolism can also be found in the conformity of the Canadian trenches and assimilation through residential schools. The Canadian trenches made it easier for the Germans to see if something is amiss, but despite there being better ways of setting up the trenches, the Canadian army refused to change it. In residential schools, the First Nations children were forced to conform, which only resulted in higher rates of suicide, addiction, and general trauma that has had lasting impacts. Irony can be seen in Xavier’s use of morphine in the present day. Throughout the first part of the novel, Xavier speaks strongly about the dangers of morphine and his hatred of the substance, however in the present day, Xavier is shown to have a morphine addiction after losing his leg. This ties into his characterization and how different traumas can break down even the strongest of people. Xavier throughout the first part of the novel is seen as almost rebellious in a sense that he does not succumb to the temptation of trying morphine, even after finding out Elijah, who is often seen as a driving force between the two, admits to trying it. Xavier later loses his leg and Elijah, which could be seen as a loss of stability in his life, both physically and mentally, to which he turns to morphine. The style of narration is integral to the novel. Without the background knowledge of Niska, who falls under the archetype of the wise old woman or the healer, the novel would be a stagnant recount of Xavier’s time in the war. With Niska’s perspective, it shows the life of a First Nations person in Canada, and gives insight into what the childhoods of Xavier and Elijah may have been like, and the difference between life in Canada for a First Nations person and life overseas for a First Nations person. All of these literary aspects in the novel add to the overarching theme of it, showing how war can change people, and reliving your past and listening to others stories, can heal or break a person.
Your answers were all extremely well thought out and analyzed. You used many powerful references from the text that supported your answer and effectively got your point across. Your point of the relevance of the number 3 in the book gave me new ideas that I hadn't thought about before. I really enjoyed reading your responses!
4. Within Three Day Road by Joseph Boyden, there are multiple recurring patterns that can be found. An example of recurring motifs is the mention of Canadian symbols throughout the book. Moose, geese, and Hudson's Bay are some of the Canadian symbols mentioned. These Canadian elements present the reader with a comprehensive understanding of the circumstances of the novel at the time. These symbols are purely Canadian and put the reader into the situation they are reading about. The aforementioned Canadian symbols also help the reader identify with the novel as there are elements that the reader can relate to. Other recurring patterns can be found within the narration and POV of the novel. Through Xavier’s POV, the reader gets to see the world as he does. Along with his view, the reader also hears his thoughts. A thought Xavier often has but never voices is his snide speculation towards Elijah. Throughout the book, Elijah is celebrated for being skilled at hunting. Whenever Elijah's talent is mentioned Xavier becomes bitter and he recounts in his head how he is the one that taught Elijah everything he knows about hunting. This bitterness shows a different side of Xavier as he is usually quite mellow. Elijah's talent brings out a side of Xaviers that has not been seen before. His inner monologue displays the diversity of his character. Moreover, another pattern that can be seen within the novel is the repetition of the number three. Firstly, the novel is called Three Day Road. The reappearance of the number three is an integral part of Indigenous peoples culture since it represents the circle of life. The number three is also how long the main plot of the novel takes as the events occur over a span of three days. The prominence of the number three creates unification within the book. Furthermore, another pattern that can be identified within the novel is the mention of morphine throughout present time and flashbacks. Any time morphine is mentioned by Grey Eyes or Elijah Xavier automatically tenses up and holds resentment towards Grey Eyes. This pattern discloses Xaviers animosity towards morphine to the reader. Contrary to what the reader would expect, Xavier becomes addicted to morphine. This irony is highlighted throughout the book any time the morphine is mentioned. The reference to morphine constructs Xavier as a dynamic character with multiple surfaces. Overall, the patterns that can be found within Three Day Road manufacture an extensive insight of the novel. The patterns create unification and provide the reader with a pleasant reading experience.
The responses were very well thought through and I could tell that you guys worked really hard on them! The context that I read within this response gave me a sense that you all had shared your thoughts with each other. The connections that you guys also included showed that you guys had a deep knowledge and understanding of what you were responding with. I’m impressed!!
Extremely well writer through and through, you used a excepcional amount of relevant quotes. All points stated in your response are well backed up with sufficient evidence and support. I enjoyed your reply to question 3 it is extremely detailed with good character and plot analysis.
In the novel Indian horse one example of survival is when Saul and his Grandmother have to leave Gods Lake to find warmth away from the cold winter when the rest of his family does not come back. Another example is when Saul’s brother Benjamin comes back from the residential school with TB he has to survive without any treatments
The characters interact with the physical setting in the environment mostly by harvesting berries and fishing when they made it to Gods Lake. Another example is when Saul sees the group of people by the lake, they were gathering cattail roots, splashing in the lake and carrying deer carcasses out of the woods.
Saul was sent to the residential schools but through that residential school he found his passion for hockey. Saul has a found new interest in hockey which may symbolize the native interest in European goods upon the arrival of the settlers.
His race and culture come up fairly often in the novel , either when he is being discriminated against or as a reminder to him of his ancestral roots, The author perhaps used this to show the injustice that his people had to experience, as well as to show that he has not lost touch with his First Nations roots. This pattern had a emotional impact in the story as it echoed a message out to me, “We Remember”. Through the repeated expression of loss as well as improvement we see a way for betterment through positive encouragement.
Content was very useful but a specific example from the novel would have helped to better the explanation of the story line. The questions were answered well.
Your responses answered the questions and I thought your answers were complete. However, I would have liked to have seen some direct quotes from the novel to support your response and back up your answers. I also felt there could more content as question three asked for specific examples of irony, paradox, plot and style of narration. Make sure to include all points of the question.
Your group’s responses have improved greatly from last time! All of the questions were answered and had great examples from the novel. This shows your knowledge of the novel and the characters in the story. However, the responses were still quite short and could have used some more details and application to the novel. For instance, in your third response you mentioned symbolism and gave a great example, but you failed to mention any of the other literary devices in the question. Perhaps you could include quotes or page numbers that would help to give examples in your responses? Other than that you guys did a good job and improved a lot. I look forward to reading your responses next time!
I really liked your answers as they provided specific details from your novel and were all completed. Although, your question number 3 wasn’t fully completed in content wise, as it asked for specific examples of literally devices such as irony and plot. A way to improve your responses would be by adding in quotations and page numbers to provide direct proof to your statements. Besides that, I think you guys have made some very well done responses.
I really enjoyed reading your responses. However, you should have included more details and quotes from the novel to support your responses. For instance, there was no explanations on the well-being of Sam and his grandmother after they migrated to survive the harsh weather. You should have provided evidence to demonstrate the survival of Sam and his grandmother. In addition, you did not mention the literary devices that were used within your novel to support your response. Overall, you guys did a great job at composing the responses. It would be great if you would provide examples and quotes to back up your answers.
I thought that it would have been better, in question 1, to add an example of survival from the Aboriginal cultures as a whole instead of just Saul's journey as they frequently talk about Indian life and the residential school effect in the book. In question 2, you could have talked more about the effect that this environment had on there bodies, for example Saul's freezing toes in the winter. In question 3 I did'nt see any example of a paradox or irony in the answer. Question 4 I thought was answered very well.
I like your answers being straight forward and directly getting your point across. Although I would have liked to see a little more thought and examples in your responses. Since we have different books, you have to explain your answers with more depth to help the reader better understand your book and follow along. Inclusion of quotation and examples from the novel which is just something to remember for next time. Although your responses may have lacked explanation to the novel, I am able to recognize your thoughts through your answers which lets me know you guys have a very strong understanding of the questions, you just need to expand more next time.
Well written response. I liked how you provided every single question with your analysis however, direct quotes would have strongly supported each of your answers. Although we are not reading the same book, your forthright response gives me ideas of the story line. Overall, great job on your response!
You guys have very good answers and points, but your answers lack comprehension and examples. If you could back up your strong ideas with some more information, maybe so quotes or evidence from the novel, it would help your answers pack more of a punch. As well as give readers who aren’t reading the same novel and idea as to what is going on in the book. But overall great work team.
1. The idea of survival is very prevalent in the novel Three Day Road. As Xavier recounts his experiences in the trenches it is made apparent that the concept of survival is a common theme found throughout the book. Examples of this are the forest fire that Elijah and Xavier must escape from in the chapter ¨Fire¨ (50-61 Boyden). During this section a the forest fire in the distance manages to creep up on them as they sleep. Elijah and Xavier wake to find that their campsite is now in the middle of the forest blaze. Both manage to narrowly escape the forest fire by covering the canoe with wet blankets and hiding under the canoe as it moves up stream with little to no air available to them. Another great example of survival in the novel is the chapter ¨Raiding Party” (62-75 Boyden) where Xavier and the rest of his squad must survive the day in the craters created by artillery strikes close to German trenches.
2.Niska is a character that has a very close connection to the physical landscape in the novel as she has always been someone who has lived off the natural land. Niska´s stories about her childhood are perfect examples of how she and her group of people interacted with the land. For example when the hunting party returns with the bear in the chapter ¨My father¨ (34-50 Boyden) the group uses extreme care when handling the bear and makes sure to use every single part of the bear as to respect the bear, i.e burning the hair to not waste anything from the animal so not to insult or disappoint the animal.
3.An example of irony within the novel Three Day Road would be the residential schools. Residential schools were supposed to assimilate First Nations to a more “civilized” culture. Rather than assimilating Xavier and Elijah through much abuse, it turns them desperate to return to the Cree lifestyle and return back to the bush. An example of a paradox is when sargent graves yells “stomp that out, man. Fritz will see your smoke and lob a few on top of us. Worse yet an officer will come along and do far worse’’ (27 Boyden). Five minutes later the soldiers laugh and light up a smoke. Effects like this create a representation that to survive in the world, you must face many hardships. This all relates to the theme of survival.
4.Some recurring patterns in the novel include things such as imagery depicting the dead and forgotten o the war with quotes like ¨Besides the limbs, rotten faces peek over at us. I see the eye sockets are empty and their lips have pulled back from their open mouths so they look like they're screaming¨ (70 Boyden) and ¨I saw my first dead body in one of these places, not one of a soldier but of a small boy, naked and bloated in the sun, a great chunk of his head gone¨ (13 Boyden). The repeated mentioning of the dead in the war results in the reader gaining a better understanding of the true brutality of war but also the normality of death. Another example would be how white people are always called ¨wemistikoshiw¨” in the novel showing that Xavier is not like the people who surround him in the trench but rather he is different than them nor does he want to be like them.
I like the way you explained your answers, they were very clear and easy to understand. You also had good examples for all of your points.
I liked your comments a lot, I thought they mostly answered the questions fully and had good points. I thought your quotes in question 4 were very good and they helped to sell your point. However, the one fault I see in your answers was you didn't fully answer question 3. If you had used more examples of literary elements it may have helped better prove your point. Other than that I thought you had great points and ideas.
Once again your group had excellent responses with details and examples from the book that were very well integrated. For instance, in your first response where you included the example of the forest fire that Xavier and Elijah had to survive. This wasn’t an example that I had thought about but was an excellent example to include from the book. Also the inclusion of the Cree word, ‘wemistikoshiw’ in question four was a great example of repetition and the way you applied it to the theme of the book was very insightful and shows your knowledge of the story. The only thing that could use improvement was your third response. You used great examples for irony and paradox but you did not mention many of the other literary devices and their effects on the novel. Other than that you guys did an awesome job!
Based on your responses, I noticed that a very close reading was done. I exceptionally liked the depth and thoughtful process that is present in every response. As an example, I noticed you used direct examples from the novel to support your responses. Response #2 provides the reader with a well constructed answer and detailed examples of Niska’s interactions with the settings around her. Nevertheless, it would be great if you mentioned the interaction of other characters with the physical settings and landscapes of the novel. In addition, response for the question #3 is great, but it would be nice if you connected other literary devices to provide the reader with more comprehensive information to support your response. At the same time, response for the question #4 is well written. Again, I noticed the precise use of word choice and direct quotes from the novel. Lastly, I would also like to point out that your group did an amazing job in citing the quotes/passages from the novel. To wrap up, I really enjoyed reading your responses! Great job!
I really like the inferences you made in question 2 . I also like the usage of quotes in question 3 . Overall, these are really good responses To the questions.
I really enjoyed the use of quotations and description which all of your information is very true and your points are supported well while the choice of vocabulary really adds depth to your responses overall I think the entire response was very well put together and it was easy to understand the full concept being explained in each of your comments.
Canadian Author, Margaret Atwood, states that a common element of Canadian literature is the concept of “survival” as a defining symbol, where in your novels do you see examples of survival?
In the novel, we can see how the characters struggle in order to survive. We can see the concept survival using their mental, emotional and physical stress through the novel.
- “The Hudson’s Bay Company had instilled in the Cree a greed for the furs that nearly wiped out the animals, and because of this the time finally came when even the most experienced of the bush men and women were faced with the decision to move to the reserve or die of hunger”(Boyden 90). We can see that the bush men and women would have to move out of in order to survive. Due to Hudson’s Bay Company’s greed for fur, they would not have enough food to feed themselves which means that they are left with no choice but to move to the reserve or else they would die out of hunger.
- Niska’s hunger created a negative effect on her body which caused her to question how she would be able to survive.“After a week of talking to no one and of being given a single bowl of porridge to eat each day, I began to have strange visions. [...] My hunger, combined with the thought of being in this little room with the single high window, caused the shaking to come to me” (Boyden 93).
- Xavier’s reminiscing led us to his survival during the war. He started to adjust with the people surrounding him in order to live longer “The sleeping’s no good here, but I’ve taught myself to dream with my eyes open” (Boyden 79). Xavier’s adjustment not only had affected him mentally, but also physically “He thinks I don’t see him putting those needles in his arm. They are part of what’s killing him” (Boyden 34). After the war, Xavier returned with an addiction to morphine and thinks that morphine is the only reason he is still alive.
2. In what ways do the characters interact with the physical settings and landscapes of the novel? Explain in detail using examples from your novel(s).
The context of this novel is set around the time period around WWI. Before WWI happened, Indian children were put into residential schools without their consent. In the novel, Xavier is forced to go to residential school with abusive nuns controlling him until his aunt, Niska rescues him. Through the time spent in residential school, Xavier learns that his First Nation culture is not respected by the wemistikoshiw, as he still remembers the nun says “the old Cree are heathen and anger God”(56). As a result, he wants to verify himself in front of the white officials during his time serving in the military. The fact that Xavier joins army with Elijah is the reflection from WWI in the Canadian history, where Aboriginal soldiers proved their bravery and strength with the experience of racism. Due to the racism and disrespect Xavier receives while growing up, he wants to avoid the prejudice by prove himself. After demonstrates his excellence in shooting, he narrates “None of these who are here today can call me a useless bush Indian ever again. They might not say it out loud, but they know now that I have something special”(109). Xavier’s accomplishment collides with the physical settings and landscapes of the novel, since he grows up in the woods with Niska and is taught the skills of hunting at a very young age.
3. Note the writer’s use of paradox, irony, symbol, plot, characterization, and style of narration. What effects are produced? Do any of these relate to one another or to the theme?
A vivid image of the life of Indigenous people during WWI is depicted through the author’s effective using of the literary elements listed above. The residential school is one of the irony in the story which reflects on the horrific experience of what Indian children had to go through in real life: the schools are supposed to nurture Indian children, but instead they are prejudiced and abused. In addition, despite denying the ability of Aboriginal people, the British army still decides to apply conscription towards the First Nations, which is quite ironic. The fire that is mentioned rapidly in the story is connected to their survival in which the more struggle they face, more fire is produced. Furthermore, the style of narration connects all the element by creating the reminiscent tone and the form of flashback in the novel.
4. What recurring patterns (repeated or related words, images, etc.) can you find? What is the effect of these patterns or motifs?
Niska and Xavier both have a similar experience with a person they are very close to becoming more distant and almost leaving behind their First Nations culture. Niska’s sister, who went to a residential school, accepted and was assimilated into the European culture there. Niska felt as
...if she and her people had been abandoned by her sister, who readily embraced this new and oppressive culture. Xavier and Elijah went into the war very close, and Elijah even stated that he didn’t want the military to separate them. “Do you think the Canadians will separate us, Elijah? [...] They’d better not.” (Boyden 61) As they get deeper into the war however, Elijah becomes more and more distant, embracing the European’s way of war. Xavier feels he’s being abandoned by his best friend, especially after Elijah says “It might be better that they separate us” (Boyden 102) This pattern of abandonment of previous values shows how much the European settlement in Canada affected the First Nations people and the influence this new culture had on them.
Your answers are absolutely fantastic. I really liked how you provided quotations as well as page numbers as they provided proof to your answers. However, compared to your other questions, number 3 could have used a little more proof with some quotations and page numbers. Besides that one question, everything else is done really well in content wise with answering the questions, great job.
Very well written response. I like the inclusion of specific quotes and page numbers however I feel as though some direct quotes in question 3 would have greatly benefited your responses. The rest of the response however was very well written and easy to comprehend.
You guys have done a fantastic job at composing the responses and provided sufficient details to support them. However, in your second response, you did not really discuss the interaction between characters and the physical settings. Focusing more on the question would definitely improve the quality of your responses. In addition, you should have mentioned more literary devices that were utilized by the author. For example, the author used various techniques,such as flashbacks, analogies and metaphors, within the novel. Overall, you guys did a great job!!